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Timeline of significant dates of Russian military history

Timeline of significant dates of Russian military history

7 January — memorable date for Russian military history. On this day in 1878, Russian troops won a strategic victory over the Turkish army near Sheinovo, Bulgaria.

12 January — memorable date for Russian military history. On this day in 1945, Soviet troops launched the Vistula-Oder operation that led to the liberation of large parts of Poland, while Soviet troops reached distant territories up to Berlin.

17 January — memorable date of Russian military history. On 17 January 1945, the Red Army liberated Warsaw from German forces.

27 January — Day of Russian Military Glory. On 27 January 1944, the Red Army lifted the German siege of Leningrad.

2 February — Day of Russian Military Glory. On 2 February 1943, the Red Army defeated German forces in the Battle of Stalingrad.

9 February — memorable date of Russian military history. On 9 February 1904, the Russian cruiser Varyag and the gunboat Koreyets heroically engaged a Japanese naval squadron in Chemulpo (Inchon) harbour.

15 February — Day of Remembrance of Russians who Served Abroad. On 15 February 1989, Soviet forces withdrew from Afghanistan.

16 February — memorable date of Russian military history. On 16 February 1916, Russian forces, commanded by General Nikolai Yudenich, seized the Turkish fortress of Erzurum.

20 February — memorable date of Russian military history. On 20 February 1799, a Russian naval squadron, commanded by Admiral Fyodor Ushakov, seized the fortress of Corfu.

23 February — Defender of the Fatherland Day. The Workers and Peasants Red Army was established in Soviet Russia on 23 February 1918.

18 March — memorable date of Russian military history. On 18 March 1809, Russian forces completed the heroic crossing of the ice-covered Bothnian Bay during the war against Sweden.

22 March — memorable date of Russian military history. On 22 March 1915, Russian forces seized the Austrian fortress of Przemyśl after a protracted siege that lasted several months.

27 March — memorable date of Russian military history. On 27 March 1111, Russian military units defeated a Cuman (Polovets) army.

31 March — memorable date of Russian military history. On 31 March 1814, Russian and allied forces entered Paris. Europe was liberated from Napoleon Bonaparte’s rule.

4 April — memorable date of Russian military history. On this day in 1945, Soviet troops liberated Bratislava.

9 April — memorable date for Russian military history. On this day in 1945, Soviet troops conquered the powerful German fortress of Koenigsberg.

10 April is the day of the liberation of Odessa from the Romanian and German troops.

13 April is the day of the liberation of Vienna by Soviet troops in 1945.

16 April is the day when the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation began in 1945.

18 April — Day of Russian Military Glory. On 18 April 1242, Russian military units, commanded by Prince Alexander Nevsky, defeated German knights in the Battle of Lake Chudskoye (Peipus).

25 April is the day when Berlin surrendered in 1945.

9 May — Day of the Soviet People’s Victory in the Great Patriotic War. On 9 May 1945, Nazi Germany signed an unconditional surrender.

28 May is the Day of Border Guards. On this day in 1918, the decree of the People's Commissars of the RSFSR established the Border Guard.

31 May — memorable date of Russian military history. On 31 May 1814, the Treaty of Paris was signed, effectively ending the war against the First French Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte.

4 June — memorable date of Russian military history. On 4 June 1916, Russian forces, commanded by General Alexei Brusilov, launched an offensive during World War I.

18 June — memorable date of Russian military history. On 18 June 1855, Russian forces repelled an attack by British, French and Turkish forces on Malakhov Hill during the defence of Sevastopol.

22 June — Day of Remembrance of the Victims of the Great Patriotic War. On 22 June 1941, Nazi Germany invaded the USSR.

29 June — Day of Remembrance of Anti-Nazi Partisans and Resistance Groups of the Great Patriotic War.

3 July — memorable date of Russian military history. On 3 July 1944, the Red Army liberated Minsk from German forces.

7 July — Day of Russian Military Glory. On 7 July 1770, a Russian naval squadron, commanded by Count Alexei Orlov, defeated the Turkish fleet in the Battle of Çeşme.

10 July — Day of Russian Military Glory. In 1709, the Russian Army, commanded by Peter the Great, defeated Swedish forces in the Battle of Poltava.

12 July — memorable date of Russian military history. On 12 July 1943, Soviet and German forces engaged in the largest tank battle of World War II near the village of Prokhorovka during the Battle of the Kursk Bulge.

13 July — memorable date of Russian military history. On 13 July 1944, the Red Army liberated Vilnius from German forces.

15 July — On this day in 1410 Russian troops and their allies defeated the German knights in the Battle of Grunwald.

18 July — memorable date of Russian military history. On 18 July 1770, the Russian Army, commanded by Field Marshal Pyotr Rumyantsev-Zadunaisky, defeated the Turkish Army in the Battle of Larga.

23 July — memorable date of Russian military history. On 23 July 1240, Russian forces, commanded by Prince Alexander Yaroslavich, later known as Prince Alexander Nevsky, defeated the Swedes in the Battle of the Neva River.

25 July — memorable date of Russian military history. On 25 July 1410, Russian and allied forces defeated German knights in the Battle of Grunwald.

1 August — memorable date of Russian military history. On 1 August 1770, the Russian Army defeated the Turkish Army in the Battle of Kagul.

1 August — Day of Remembrance of the Victims of World War I. On 1 August 1914, Germany declared war on Russia.

2 August — memorable date of Russian military history. On 2 August 1572, Russian forces, commanded by Princes Mikhail Vorotynsky and Dmitry Khvorostinin, defeated the Crimean Tatar Army near Moscow.

9 August — Day of Russian Military Glory. In 1714, the Russian fleet, commanded by Peter the Great, scored the first naval victory in Russian history by defeating the Swedes near Cape Gangut.

12 August — memorable date of Russian military history. On 12 August 1759, Russian and allied forces defeated the Prussians in the Battle of Kunersdorf.

15 August — memorable date of Russian military history. On 15 August 1799, the Russian Army, commanded by Alexander Suvorov, defeated French forces in the Battle of Novi.

20 August — memorable date of Russian military history. On 20 August 1914, the Russian forces defeated the German Army in the Battle of Gumbinnen.

20 August — memorable date of Russian military history. On 20 August 1939, Soviet forces, commanded by Georgy Zhukov, defeated Japanese units on the Khalkha (Khalkhin Gol) River in Mongolia.

23 August — Day of Russian Military Glory. On 23 August 1943, the Red Army defeated German forces in the Battle of the Kursk Bulge.

24 August — memorable date of Russian military history. On 24 August 1944, the Red Army liberated Kishinev, now Chisinau, from Nazi forces.

28 August — memorable date of Russian military history. On 28 August 1739, the Russian Army, commanded by Field Marshal Burkhard Christoph von Münnich, defeated the Turkish Army near Stavuchany.

29 August — memorable date of Russian military history. On 29 August 1813, units of the Russian Imperial Guard (Life Guards) distinguished themselves against French forces in the Battle of Kulm.

30 August — memorable date of Russian military history. On 30 August 1757, the Russian Army, commanded by Field Marshal Stepan Apraksin, defeated the Prussian Army in the Battle of Gross-Jägersdorf.

2 September — memorable date of Russian military history. World War II officially ended on 2 September 1945.

8 September — Day of Russian Military Glory. On 8 September 1812, the Russian Army, commanded by Field Marshal Mikhail Kutuzov, heroically resisted the French Army in the Battle of Borodino, and escaped annihilation.

11 September — Day of Russian Military Glory. On 11 September 1790, a Russian naval squadron, commanded by Admiral Fyodor Ushakov, defeated a Turkish squadron in the Battle of Cape Tendra.

21 September — Day of Russian Military Glory. On 21 September 1380, Russian regiments, commanded by Grand Prince Dmitry Donskoi, defeated the forces of the Golden Horde in the Battle of Kulikovo Field.

24 September — memorable date of Russian military history. On 24 September 1799, the Russian Army, commanded by Alexander Suvorov, heroically crossed the St Gotthard Pass in Switzerland.

26 September — memorable date of Russian military history. On 26 September 1914, Russian forces, commanded by General Nikolai Ivanov, defeated Austro-Hungarian forces in the Battle of Galicia.

1 October — memorable date of Russian military history. On 1 October 1609, the garrison of Smolensk began resisting Polish-Lithuanian forces. The heroic defence of the city lasted until 1611.

2 October — memorable date of Russian military history. On 2 October 1811, Russian forces, commanded by General Mikhail Kutuzov, defeated the Turkish Army near Rousse.

9 October — memorable date of Russian military history. On 9 October 1760, the Russian Army seized Berlin during the Seven Years’ War.

14 October — memorable date for Russian military history. On this day in 1811, Russian troops under the command of Mikhail Kutuzov defeated the Turkish army near Rustchuk.

18 October — memorable date of Russian military history. On 18 October 1813, the Russian Army and its allies defeated the forces of Napoleon Bonaparte in the Battle of Leipzig, also known as the Battle of the Nations.

20 October — memorable date of Russian military history. On 20 October 1827, the Russian and allied navies defeated the Turkish fleet in the Battle of Navarino.

4 November — National Unity Day. On 4 November 1612, a people’s militia, commanded by Prince Dmitry Pozharsky, liberated Moscow from foreign invaders.

6 November — memorable date of Russian military history. On 6 November 1943, the Red Army liberated Kiev from German forces.

7 November — Day of Remembrance of the Victims of the Russian Civil War. The Great October Socialist Revolution began on 7 November 1917.

11 November — memorable date of international military history. World War I ended on 11 November 1918.

16 November — memorable date of Russian military history. On 16 November 1805, Russian forces, commanded by Prince Pyotr Bagration, resisted the much larger French forces in the Battle of Schöngrabern (Hollabrunn).

19 November is the beginning of the Soviet counteroffensive in Stalingrad (1942). Day of missile troops and artillery.

26 November — memorable date of Russian military history. On 26 November 1904, Russian forces repelled a Japanese attack during the defence of the fortress of Port Arthur.

29 November — memorable date of Russian military history. On this day in 1941, Soviet troops of the Southern Front liberated Rostov-on-Don.

1 December — Day of Russian Military Glory. On 1 December 1853, a Russian naval squadron, commanded by Admiral Pavel Nakhimov, defeated a Turkish naval squadron in the Battle of Cape Sinop.

5 December — Day of Russian Military Glory. On 5 December 1941, the Red Army launched a counteroffensive against German forces during the Battle of Moscow.

9 December — Day of Heroes of the Fatherland. On 9 December 1769, the military Order of St George the Victorious was established.

10 December — memorable date of Russian military history. On 10 December 1877, Russian forces seized the Turkish fortress of Plevna.

17 December — memorable date of Russian military history. On 17 December 1788, Russian forces, commanded by Prince Grigory Potyomkin, seized the Turkish fortress of Ochakov.

24 December — Day of Russian Military Glory. On 24 December 1790, Russian forces, commanded by General Alexander Suvorov, seized the Turkish fortress of Izmail.

28 December — memorable date of Russian military history. On 28 December 1877, Russian forces defeated the Turkish Army near Sheinovo, not far from the Shipka Pass.